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Volume 113, Issue 3 p. 2260-2272
ARTICLE

Influence of agronomic and kernel-related properties on popping expansion in popcorn

Marcelo Akira Saito

Marcelo Akira Saito

Dep. of Agronomy, State Univ. of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900 Brazil

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Alex Viana Alves

Alex Viana Alves

Dep. of Agronomy, State Univ. of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900 Brazil

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Danilo de Paula Kuritza

Danilo de Paula Kuritza

Dep. of Physics, State Univ. of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900 Brazil

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Yure Pequeno de Souza

Yure Pequeno de Souza

Center for Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, State Univ. of Northern Rio de Janeiro (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes, 28013-602 Brazil

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Maria Fernanda de Souza Dias Maioli

Corresponding Author

Maria Fernanda de Souza Dias Maioli

Dep. of Agronomy, State Univ. of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900 Brazil

Correspondence

Maria Fernanda de Souza Dias Maioli, Dep. of Agronomy, State Univ. of Maringá, 87020-900, Maringá, Brazil

Email: [email protected]

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Antônio Teixeira do Amaral Júnior

Antônio Teixeira do Amaral Júnior

Center for Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, State Univ. of Northern Rio de Janeiro (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes, 28013-602 Brazil

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Antônio Carlos Bento

Antônio Carlos Bento

Dep. of Physics, State Univ. of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900 Brazil

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Carlos Alberto Scapim

Carlos Alberto Scapim

Dep. of Agronomy, State Univ. of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900 Brazil

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Ronald José Barth Pinto

Ronald José Barth Pinto

Dep. of Agronomy, State Univ. of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900 Brazil

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First published: 07 March 2021
Citations: 2

Assigned to Associate Editor Sally Logsdon

Abstract

Knowledge about relationships between traits can contribute to raising the efficiency of selection of superior genotypes. The objective of this study was to estimate the correlations, direct and indirect effects of agronomic, chemical and physical traits of kernels on popping expansion (PE) in popcorn (Zea mays L.). The trial was carried out in the 2017/2018 growing season, in Maringá - PR, with 49 treatments, which consisted of 43 popcorn, four flint, and two sweet corn. The trial was arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Multiple agronomic, chemical, physical, and popcorn quality traits were evaluated. Analysis of variance was performed to estimate the coefficients of phenotypic and genotypic correlations and the direct and indirect effects of path analysis. The genotypes were partitioned into genotype within each kernel type (popcorn, flint, and sweet corn) and two more contrasts (popcorn vs. [flint + sweet corn]) and flint vs. sweet corn. Positive phenotypic (.76) and genotypic correlations (.81) between popping expansion and pericarp thickness were detected. Kernel length had negative phenotypic (−.75) and genotypic correlations (−.78) with PE. Path analysis indicated that pericarp thickness has a direct and positive effect on PE and that the observed positive correlation with thermal diffusivity of the kernel pericarp and kernel length can be explained by indirect effects of the pericarp thickness. Evaluating kernel length may be most prudent considering economical and practical constraints to popcorn breeding programs.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The authors declare no conflict of interest.